Wednesday, 10 August 2022

DevOps, DevSecOps, and now NoOps, GitOps, BizDevOps.... what are these

As DevOps becomes more popular and continues to evolve, more variations are appearing There has always been DevSecOps, and now there is DevSecTestOps and DevSecTestMonOps, and so on…

however, this does not make any sense as DevOps integrates and encompasses Security, Monitoring, Observability and Test Automation tenets already. DevOps without Security is meaningless.

What is  BizDevOps? NoOps? DataOps? GitOps? What other terms have emerged and what do they mean? 

GitOps is an operational framework that takes DevOps best practices used for application development such as version control, collaboration, compliance, and CI/CD, and applies them to infrastructure automation 

BizDevOps is an agile software development methodology that encourages greater communication and collaboration among business, development, and operations teams throughout the software development lifecycle. 

NoOps is the idea that the software environment can be so completely automated that there's no need for an operations team to manage it 

DataOps is a collaborative data management practice focused on improving the communication, integration, and automation of data flows between data managers and data consumers across an organization. This includes an integrated approach to data ingestion flows to data engineering and data processing methods further leading to meaningful data analytics. Finally it's very gratifying that DevOps has been considered the pioneer for and a representation of a framework that breaks silos and fosters a collaborative culture

Monday, 23 May 2022

Cloud Services - Get the Edge out of it post the Pandemic

As we head into 2022, we continue to feel the human toll of the global pandemic, but we already know it has been a watershed period in which attitudes and norms have permanently shifted — in our everyday lives and at work. Businesses have also changed. For many organizations, the pandemic has catalyzed digital business initiatives as we adapt to the demands of the new talent war, customer demand, who were forced into new digital options. B2B purchasers are happy to buy digitally, without a sales representative; B2C consumers are buying off social media platforms; Employees are physically distributed and communicating asynchronously; IT infrastructures must securing the “anytime, anyway, anywhere” way in which we’re operating; But to this age, we have seen customers esp. Government entities ask for on-prem solutions as the cloud is still perceived to be external and unsecure. There are still concerns on data privacy and a comfort that own data centre hosted applications can be hugged and secured with more controls. The “time to market” lag of an on-prem deployment (given the current supply chain issues due to the Pandemic) over a Cloud born deployment is expected to be anywhere between 3 – 6 months, and the pay as you model may allow your CAPEX project expenses for a medium web/mobile application to be reduced by 30 to 35% of overall project budget. A simple web and mobile deployment architecture for once of the CSPs is attached. More or less the same advantages can be met with other mature CSPs as they have equivalent Cloud services for web/mobile deployment.

Saturday, 16 April 2022

Metaverse - from Employee Meetings to Manufacturing Line Efficiencies; from Digital Twins to Avatars.

Metaverse is a massive topic at present and is disruptive in bringing the physical and digital worlds together to create new sources of Business value. But this is not VR alone, or XR or AR or MR or NFTs or EMG gesture control or BCI (brain computing interface), or Digital Twins alone. Its a combination of things and it is the layer of digital content that connects the virtual 3D world with the real world, that can be accessible from VR headsets, AR/MR headsets, mobile phones, laptops and desktops. Of course, for highly immersive experiences, it is ideal to have a visual optical experience and hence a huge amount of research is also being done by the Tech Titans (like Google and Facebook) on optical technologies - how do you build the thinnest and the most fashionable eyewear and EMG handwear that will allow you the "Beyond experience" The transformational use cases are still evolving, and true to the term META which means BEYOND, the topic is constantly evolving, growing massively. What is estimated about the Metaverse growth, is as it is about People being the centre of Technology more than anything else, the growth will be what history may not have witnessed before, and with 5G bandwidth enablement, expected to touch 5B users and have an impact of around 10 Trillion USD by 2030, the penetration currently is less than 30%. A few use cases that we can see already being used are: 1) Effective onboarding of employees when remote, and when large scale growth reducing inefficiencies, time and cost, build deeper connections with new hires. The efficiencies, the immersiveness and the impact the Metaverse platform has had on employees is proven by some companies already. 2) Creating Digital Twins of physical spaces, meeting rooms, offices that would allow you to view and take vantage decisions that were hitherto not possible. 3) Employee collaboration with digital avatars moving onto common virtual spaces that are digital twins of the conference room of your office, or any other place you want all the avatars to meet in an immersive experience. 4) Training and Learning experiences in a Digital twin environment (for example a digital twin of shop floor or on the interior of the Aircraft) takes learning and retention of knowledge to a whole new level of experience. 5) Having a digital twin of Manufacturing lines allows efficiencies, to identify issues in the shopfloor, or supplier chain issues resulting in a pileup. 6) Interaction with customers can be done at a completely new level new-gen Business, for example a car manufacturer through digital assets (NFT) can have the complete history of the car tracked, and when the car is being transferred to the next customer can have a share of the revenue. The use cases are just endless. 7) NFT based economy from digital real estates to Art collections is opening a completely new unforeseen world of opportunities. 8) Having digital twins of real estate properties, and virtual visiting of places with an immersive collaborative experience where people can interact will take the business-client relationship to a positively higher level. The advantages are visible and significant, if organisations can start small, start experimenting and when the tip of the transformation happens such organisations will be ahead of the curve from a strategic, technology and business know-how point of view. Underlying Technologies are data and AI based technologies, data modelling, data Engineering, AI/ML/DL, computer vision, AR/VR/MR, holography, NLP, Blockchain and data science/Metaverse platforms such as Microsoft Mesh & Space, Unity3D, Unreal Engine, Amazon Sumerian, SparkAR, Cybernetics among others. The Metaverse is indeed a place of infinite possibilities.


The metaverse, first depicted in the iconic The Matrix movie more than 20 years ago, is becoming a reality as brands look to merge the real and digital worlds into one, driving Web 3.0. The difference between Augemented Reality and Reality is reducing rapidly. Just what is the metaverse? It is a vision for a new environment to interact with other humans and bots to play games, conduct business, socialize and shop. Best described as a 3D World Wide Web, the metaverse aims to mimic the physical world with a digital facsimile and combines a myriad of technologies including but not limited to augmented reality, mixed reality, livestreaming, cryptocurrency and artificial intelligence. The metaverse moved from Hollywood fare to front-page news when Mark Zuckerberg declared Facebook a “metaverse company.” Microsoft laid out its “metaverse tech stack” to facilitate metaverse app development while Epic Games announced $1 billion of funding to support its long-term metaverse strategy. Now available on the New York Stock Exchange, Bloomberg Intelligence estimates that the market size for metaverse could reach $800 billion by 2024. While the metaverse may still be only a buzzword (only 38% of global consumers are familiar with the concept, according to a Wunderman Thompson Intelligence report), the time is now for brands to establish its roadmap for entry in this new CX universe. Wunderson Thompson breaks down the metaverse into four primary categories: MetaLives, which constitute ideas such as digital ownership and content creation through formats like digital art and nonfungible tokens; MetaSpaces, virtual venues or activations that blend aspects of the virtual world with the real one; MetaBusinesses, including the rise of “gamevertising,” where brands appear within the realm of VR/AR/MR MetaSocieties characterized by people closely wedding their real-life identities with channels like social media and cultivating “hyper-real identities online.” Metaverse Teleporatation Teleportation in the Metaverse is the act of users moving from one place to another without having to be physically there or use any physical means of transportation how we join Zoom meeting via a link but we’re doing that from our respective homes? Well, in the metaverse, instead of joining such meeting from our respective homes, we’ll actually be together in one space created by the host in the metaverse the host created this party space or gaming space, then invite his/her friends to join in the party or playing the games. Now, the friends won’t physically be there but they’ll turn up using their virtual reality device and appear. Since users will have their own avatar, the experience will feel so real that it seems they’re actually physically with the host in the space created by the host.

Saturday, 8 January 2022

The Four Quadrants of Digital Transformation, DevOps and SRE

Happy New Year Dear Friends
It intrigues me that people are still obsessed with finding the differences between SRE and DevOps and about the role they play in Digital Transformation. Hence this blog.

To be Digital, there is a need to look at 4 quadrants towards driving continuous improvements

1.      People – Our Employees – How do we “Really” empower our People assets, and how do we get their DISCRETIONARY EFFORTS kicking in.

2.      Customer – How do we understand the Customer intent even before our competitor does, how can we hyper-personalize offers so that customers see the best VFM (value for money) and come back for a REPEAT BUSINESS.

3.      Optimizing Operations – This is where the adoption of Automation/DevOps flows/360-degree Security/Site Reliability Engineering/ Elastic Infrastructure/ Containerization/Microservice Architecture etc. comes in. The underlying key tenets are to think granular, and to have the ability to deliver quicker and revert quicker in a fail-safe, blameless cultural environment. This is not about some piecemeal 3 month-consultant projects, but rather an in-depth Organizational cultural wholesome change movement; great Leadership and a sharp intent, and an ability to grasp several aspects of the full picture are required.

4.      Transforming the Service or Product – This is to use “Data” as the key asset to derive clear insights of the customer, this is about the Organizational culture becoming bolder and innovative. building partnerships to leverage ecosystems, failing fast, failing safe, having a test and run approach, learning, adapting, and continuously improving to deliver Cheaper, Faster, and Better.


Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) and DevOps share the goal of building a bridge between development and operations towards increasing higher Business Value.

·        SRE and DevOps share the same foundational principles.

·        SRE can be viewed as a specific implementation of DevOps.

·        They share the same goal of rapidly delivering reliable software.

What is SRE?

SRE, or site reliability engineering, is a methodology developed by Google engineer Ben Treynor Sloss in 2003. The goal of SRE is to align engineering goals with customer satisfaction. Teams achieve this by focusing on reliability. SRE is an implementation of DevOps, a similar school of thought. Google is also responsible for bringing these two methods together. In this article, we'll break down more of what this looks like in practice.

SLIs and SLOs

Reliability is a subjective quality based on your customers’ experiences. SRE allows you to measure how happy your customers are by using SLIs. SLIs, or service level indicators, are metrics that show how your service is performing at key points on a user journey. SLOs then set a limit for how much unreliability the customer will tolerate for that SLI.

Incident response

SRE teaches us that 100% uptime is impossible. Some amount of failure is inevitable. Because of that, incident response is a core SRE best practice. Responding to incidents faster reduces customer impact. But, you need the processes in place to enable this. There are many components to incident response, including:

  • Incident classification: Sort incidents into categories-based severity and area affected. This allows you to triage incidents and alert the right people.
  • Alerting and on-call systems: Determine people available to respond to incidents as needed. Set guidelines for who gets called and when. Make sure to balance schedules and be compassionate.
  • Runbooks: These are documents that guide responders through a particular task. Runbooks are particularly useful for incident response. They include things to check for and steps to take for each possibility. They’re made as straightforward as possible to reduce toil. Automating runbooks can reduce toil further.
  • Incident retrospectives: SRE advocates learning as much as possible from each incident. Retrospectives document timelines, key communications, resources used, relevant monitoring data, and more. Review these documents as a group. Use them to determine follow-up tasks or revise runbooks and other resources.

Error budgeting

Nobody expects perfection. Some amount of unreliability is acceptable to your customers. As long as your performance meets your SLO, customers will stay happy with your services. The wiggle room you have before your SLO is breached is the error budget.

Your error budget can help you make decisions about prioritization. For instance, services with lots of remaining error budget can accelerate development. When the error budget depletes, teams know it's time to focus on reliability. Through this decision-making tool, SRE allows operations to influence development in a way that reflects customer needs.

SRE culture

The cultural changes of SRE are as important (if not more) than the process changes. The cultural lessons of SRE include:

  • Blamelessness: When something goes wrong, it is never the fault of an individual. Assume that everyone acts in good faith and does their best with the information available to them. Work together to find systemic causes for the incident.
  • Psychological safety: Teammates feel secure. They should be comfortable raising issues and expressing concerns without retributions. This encourages creativity, curiosity, and innovation.
  • Celebrating failure: Incidents aren’t setbacks, but unplanned investments in reliability. By experiencing an incident and learning from it, the system becomes more resilient.

What is DevOps?

DevOps is a set of practices that connects the development of software with its maintenance and operations. Its name reflects these two parts: Development and Operations. DevOps originated from a collection of previous practices. These include the Agile development systemthe Toyota Way, and Lean manufacturing. The term DevOps became well-known in the early 2010s.

The primary goal of DevOps is to reduce the time between making a change in code and that change reaching the customers, without impacting reliability. It seeks to align the goals of development with organizational needs to create business value. In this way, the goals of SRE and DevOps are very similar. Both focus on customer impact and efficiency. But, the methods they use to achieve this vary.

Continuous Deployment

DevOps seeks to increase the frequency of new deployments of code. Faster, more incremental changes allow a more attuned response to customer needs. It also reduces the chance of major incidents caused by large, infrequent deployments.

Collaboration between development and operations

A core tenet of DevOps is to remove silos between development and operations teams. Rather than development “throwing code over the wall” for operations to handle, the teams work together throughout the service’s lifecycle.

Here are some DevOps practices that encourage cooperation between development and operations:

  • Alignment on goals:  Ensure both teams understand what they’re working towards. Shared roadmaps and agreed-upon metrics help with alignment. Use customer impact as a common priority.
  • Develop with operations in mind: Development and operations should collaborate on how development should proceed. Operations make suggestions that help them maintain the code in production.

Availability of data and resources

Monitoring data for DevOps is a big deal. DevOps advocates measuring valuable data and using it as your basis for decision-making. By default, data should be accessible across the organization.

Simply having a lot of data available isn’t enough to make good decisions. Metrics should be contextualized to provide deeper insights. Make sure that you're setting up monitoring that helps you learn about your system. Having too much data can actually make decision making more difficult.

Automate where possible

Like SRE, DevOps advocates for automating wherever possible. Where SRE focuses on automating to increase consistency and reduce toil, DevOps automates to tighten the development cycle. By removing manual steps in testing and deployment, teams can achieve a faster release frequency.

How SRE connects to DevOps

You can implement both DevOps and SRE into your organization. A helpful way to combine the methodologies is to consider SRE as a way to achieve the goals of DevOps. But SRE is much more than development and deployment automation, its about working in a continuum of the system ecosystem to deliver operational excellence and increased reliability. Focusing on the goals of DevOps instead of the process-focused approach of SRE is also helpful. Drawing from both methodologies as appropriate provides the best way forward.

SRE as an implementation of DevOps

SRE is a method of implementing the goals of DevOps. Here are some of the common goals of DevOps, and how SRE practices can help achieve them:

  • Remove silos: SRE achieves this by creating documentation that the entire organization can use and learn from. Lessons from incidents are fed back into development practices through incident retrospectives.
  • Change gradually: SRE advocates incremental rollouts and A/B testing. This effectively makes the change more gradual, achieving the same goal of reducing the impact of failure.
  • Use tools and automate: many SRE tools reduce manual toil. Whenever you automate or simplify a process, you reduce toil and increase consistency. You also accelerate the process, achieving DevOps goals.
  • Metric-based decisions: SRE practices encourage monitoring everything and then constructing deep metrics. These will give you the insights you need to make smart decisions.
  • Accept failure: Not only does SRE accept failure, it celebrates it and utilizes it. By strategically using error budgets, you can accelerate development while maintaining reliability.

DevOps determines what needs to be done, whereas SRE determines how it will be done. DevOps captures a vision of a system that is developed efficiently and reliably. SRE builds processes and values that result in this system. You can establish your goals using DevOps principles, and then implement SRE to achieve them.

SRE vs. DevOps philosophy

SRE and DevOps share many philosophies and principles. Some that they share include:

  • Placing value on collaboration across teams, particularly between development and operations
  • Automation and toil reduction are key to increasing consistency and helping humans
  • Improvement is always possible. There is always value in reviewing and revising policy
  • Customer satisfaction is the most important concern. It’s the motivator for developing quickly and reliably
  • Sharing knowledge, whether through monitoring data, incident retrospectives, or codified best practices, is key to making good decisions
  • Failure is inevitable, and something to embrace and learn from

However, SRE and DevOps also have some differences in philosophy. Often these come down to priority. Some differences include:

  • DevOps advocates for a fluid approach to problem-solving. SRE creates codified and consistent processes.
  • SRE implements practices such as chaos engineering to further increase reliability. DevOps is more focused on the development lifecycle, so these extra practices don’t typically emerge.
  • SRE generally advocates for lower risk tolerance than DevOps. Working under metrics like SLOs, SRE will implement policies such as code freezes to avoid a breach. DevOps is more comfortable adjusting standards of reliability as development requires.
  • DevOps usually operates with improving development speed as a primary goal. SRE considers increased development velocity a byproduct of error budgeting and better incident response.
  • Both SRE and DevOps have a major focus on automation, but SRE’s approach is more widespread. DevOps primarily automate to increase development speed and focus on steps in the development cycle. SRE automates any processes it can, from chaos tests to incident management.

SRE vs DevOps teams

When implementing either SRE or DevOps in your organization, you’ll need to consider how these changes will actually take place. Will you:

  • Build policies and procedures collaboratively and rely on everyone to follow them?
  • Assign implementation duties to particular engineers in addition to their normal tasks?
  • Reallocate engineers to be on a team wholly devoted to rolling out new procedures?
  • Hire new engineers to build out your implementation team?

Structures for SRE and DevOps teams

Both DevOps and SRE teams vary based on how centralized they are. At one end is a centralized team, which creates tools, infrastructure, and processes that the entire organization shares.

The other extreme is a distributed team. DevOps/SRE engineers are assigned to individual teams and projects. They handle maintaining the reliability and velocity goals for each team.

 In conclusion, depending on the maturity of your organization and your needs, different approaches will be more efficient. You should consider how you want to structure your DevOps and SRE teams but the big picture around the 4 quadrants of Digital Transformation towards Value creation, People, Customers, Operations, and Services remains the central theme of such transformations.

Friday, 1 October 2021

The Most Beautiful Museum gets the Most Reliable Centre for Excellence


Firstly, Many Congrats to the “Amazing Team” at IDC Technologies for winning the Museum of The Future (MOTF) project. Here are few reasons why we absolutely needed to win it!


Having lived in the magical city of Dubai for more than 2 decades, the excitement of winning the bid for Expo2020 and the fireworks that lit the sky 8 years ago still reverberate in our minds. MOTF is the cynosure of the Expo - representing humanity’s inspiration for hope, future, and innovation. The amazing museum which is already declared as one of the “Most beautiful museums of the world” is an architectural marvel that is symbolic – the circular structure represents humanity; the green mound represents the earth; the void represents the unknown future –


We derive our values and inspiration from what the museum stands for and from the wise leadership of this magnificent land whose quotes will remain the biggest source of inspiration for me irrespective of wherever I am or will be:


  • Life is created simple and it is important to live it as such. Simplicity is inherent; it leads to peace of mind.
  • They say the sky is the limit. We say: The sky is only the beginning.
  • There is a world of difference between a leadership that is based on love and respect, and one that is based on fear.
  • A true leader is one who creates a favorable environment to bring out the energy and ability of the team. A great leader creates more great leaders.
  • We, in the UAE, have no such word as “impossible”; it does not exist in our lexicon. Such a word is used by the lazy and the weak, who fear challenges and progress.
  • The future belongs to those who can imagine it, design it, and execute it. It isn’t something you await, but rather create.
  • Dubai will never settle for anything less than the first place.

It’s payback time to this beautiful land of Dubai whose every inch of soil breathes perseverance, peace and success. 

We are absolutely thrilled to contribute our capabilities towards the launch of the museum, and we will not leave a single stone unturned to make this a huge success.

DevOps, DevSecOps, and now NoOps, GitOps, BizDevOps.... what are these

As DevOps becomes more popular and continues to evolve, more variations are appearing There has always been DevSecOps , and now there is D...